Marijuana dependence moderates the effect of posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma cue reactivity in substance dependent patients.

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Marijuana dependence moderates the effect of posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma cue reactivity in substance dependent patients.

Category : Antiinflamatorio

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Marijuana dependence moderates the effect of posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma cue reactivity in substance dependent patients.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Feb 1;159:219-26

Authors: Tull MT, McDermott MJ, Gratz KL

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at heightened risk for marijuana use. Although extant studies speak to the importance of examining the co-occurrence of PTSD and marijuana use as it relates to a variety of clinically-relevant outcomes, no studies have explored the way in which marijuana use may affect in-the-moment emotional responding among individuals with PTSD. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the role of marijuana dependence in the relation between PTSD and subjective and biological emotional reactivity in response to a trauma cue.
METHODS: Participants were 202 patients with and without current PTSD consecutively admitted to a residential SUD treatment facility. Patients were administered diagnostic interviews, and subjective (negative affect) and biological (cortisol) reactivity to a personalized trauma cue were assessed.
RESULTS: Whereas current PTSD was associated with greater subjective emotional reactivity among participants without marijuana dependence, there were no significant differences in subjective emotional reactivity as a function of PTSD status among participants with marijuana dependence. Moreover, marijuana dependent participants (with and without PTSD) reported less subjective emotional reactivity than participants with PTSD and without marijuana dependence. No significant findings were obtained for cortisol reactivity.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that patients with co-occurring PTSD and marijuana dependence may experience alterations in their emotional processing in response to a trauma cue (i.e., dampening of arousal). Additional research is required to clarify the specific mechanisms through which marijuana use influences emotional reactivity and fear-related emotional processing, as well as how such effects may influence PTSD treatment.

PMID: 26790822 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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